Skylight / July 11, 2018 / Nicolas Charlebois
This heat gain can be minimized by installing your south-facing skylight in the shade of deciduous trees or adding a moving window covering. Skylights come in all shapes and sizes. Its size greatly affects the illumination level and temperature of the space below. As a rule of thumb the size of a skylight should never be more than 5% of the floor area in rooms with many windows; and no more than 15% of the rooms total floor area for spaces with few windows. Dept. of Energy. Glazing Like windows skylight manufacturers use different types of glazing to improve their energy efficiency. The glazing comes in three different forms. Plastic glazing - This type of glazing is usually inexpensive and less likely to break than other glazing materials.
Tubular skylights An alternative to the conventional skylight which looks like a window in your roof is the tubular skylight. The tubular skylight is a roof-mounted dome which collects natural light and delivers it to the room below. It is less expensive than the conventional skylight because it is designed to fit between roof and ceiling framing eliminating the need for structural modifications. You will commonly see these used in bathrooms hallways and closets but they can be used in any room of your house. The average tubular skylight ranges in size from 10 - 21 inches in diameter which lights a 100-600 square foot interior space.
For example the optimum slope for a south-facing skylight in Columbus Ohio at 40º North latitude is 45º to 55º. Every skylight has a "shaft" which governs how much light is admitted into the room below. If all four sides are flared then the light is spread over a wide area. If your skylight has a shaft with perpendicular sides the light is focused straight below. If your skylights shaft is flared on only one or two sides then the light is sprayed in the flared direction. Ventilation If you wish you can have a skylight which also provides ventilation as well as light to your room. This allows you to release the hot air which collects at your ceiling.