Skylight / July 12, 2018 / Odo Vaillancour
You will need to position and mark the opening on the ceiling after the skylight is installed. Take into consideration the size of the room and the amount of light you wish to bring in and select the size and position of the hole accordingly. Once the skylight is installed and the ceiling hole is cut its then a matter of connecting the two with the shaft which is typically constructed from 2x4 or 2x6 lumber. The angles involved typically require some tricky framing and is probably best left to an experienced carpenter. After the framing is completed the inside of the shaft is covered with wood or drywall and the attic side is insulated to minimize heat loss.
Obviously skylights provide added day lighting and they may even offer ventilation. However heat gain and loss is also a consideration you should make. Many modern skylights feature sun tracking lenses or mirrored surfaces that provide light without heat loss or gain. Moreover whether a fixed skylight or similar alternative is better than a ventilated skylight is a question youll want to answer. Remember ventilating can help with temperature control but it is also important for preventing the buildup of moisture. Take some time to speak to your skylight or roofing professional so that you can be sure to choose the right skylight.
For example the optimum slope for a south-facing skylight in Columbus Ohio at 40º North latitude is 45º to 55º. Every skylight has a "shaft" which governs how much light is admitted into the room below. If all four sides are flared then the light is spread over a wide area. If your skylight has a shaft with perpendicular sides the light is focused straight below. If your skylights shaft is flared on only one or two sides then the light is sprayed in the flared direction. Ventilation If you wish you can have a skylight which also provides ventilation as well as light to your room. This allows you to release the hot air which collects at your ceiling.